Last year, European renewable energy production was ahead of nuclear power at 29% vs 27% and 26% of coal. Electricity generation from renewable energy sources had grown substantially between 2010 and 2013, growth between 2014 and 2015 was moderate according to the Agora Energiewende policy institute.
Germany, world’s 4th largest economy has generated 90% of its power needs from renewable energy last Sunday, May 8th. That’s huge. According to Agora Energiewend ‘ graphic, a German think-tank and policy laboratory, at 11 am local time the total output of German’s renewable power, wind, solar, hydropower and biomass has reached 55 gigawatts.
Considering that Germany is Europe’s biggest economical power, this demonstrates that wind and solar energy can keep the pace with the demands of this society. But also, we cannot forget that Germany is not exactly the king in sun. Other countries have much more capacity to produce, yet still not until long ago Germany was world’s leader on solar energy.
The secret to Gemany’s success in renewable energy are the individuals. Smart policies have pushed people and businesses to the renewable market, and in 2012 individuals owned more that a 3rd of Germany’s renewable energy capacity.
Still, Germany gets most of its power from fossil fuels. On average, renewables supply a 30% of it’s needs. Sunday’s peak resulted from a combination of reduced demand, abundance of wind and sunshine. But this does not make it less important. It still is a huge proportion generated.
The European Union has resolved to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by a minimum of 40% below the 1990 levels and raise the renewables share in final energy consumption up to 27%. To reach these targets, the share of renewable energy sources in the electricity sector must rise significantly in the next few years and we must reduce / decline coal-based power substantially.